Hypnosis – Facts and Myths Stage Hypnosis If you were to perform a survey relating to hypnotism and what it is, the consensus would relate to a Las Vegas style stage hypnosis sideshow. An experienced performer calls someone from the audience to participate in the act. After pulling a shiny pocket watch from his vest pocket he begins to swing it back and forth and his subject appears to fall asleep. The hypnotist dictates the instruction to walk around the stage and cluck like a chicken, and several other preposterous imitations of amusement. He then awakens the subject who is confused over the past few minutes. In this situation both the hypnotist and the subject audience member have engaged in a performance.
Origin of Meditation The origin of the practice of meditation is seen mainly in religious contexts throughout history. It can be traced back to prehistoric 5000 BC. The earliest writings to be discovered were concerning meditation (Dhyana) originating from the Vedas of Hindu traditions around 1500 BCE. Nearing 6 to 5 century BCE, was the period of the first development of other forms of meditation in Taoist China and Buddhist India. Early Buddhism The word Dhyana, as influenced by the Vedas in early Buddhism, means “contemplation and meditation” in all three religions of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, but the technical context is varied in each religion. Meditation/Dhyana was incorporated into Yoga exercises, the goal being the extracting the various aspects of self-knowledge. Over time meditation was developed further by the traditions of Hindu, Jain and Buddhist, influenced independent of the specific religions or by one influencing the other. The most(Cont’d)
What Is Secondary Gain Secondary gain, as it relates to medical diagnoses is defined as the benefits that a person receives relative (secondary) to an injury or illness. The injury or illness may or may not be legitimate. One example of secondary gain is a person involved in an auto accident who has a potential lawsuit against a negligent party. The more severe the injury, the greater the value of the lawsuit. Some exaggerate their physical condition for the purpose of appearing more injured than they actually are with a specific intention. There are different types of secondary gain but they all include an exaggeration of symptoms for personal advantage and are recognized as resulting from a psychiatric disorder. (Those who are aware of the behavior are known as malingerers which is not a a psychiatric condition). In other words, using physical symptoms to attain personal gain can be presented(Cont’d)
Meditation Alters Cognitive Brain Function/ Benefits of Meditation on the Brain The most universal forms of meditation evolved from the spiritual cultures of Hinduism and Buddhism which can be traced to around 1500 BCE. Over the course of time, meditation practices and techniques have been interpreted by the cultures in which they were introduced. There exists a great diversity of technique but the results of meaningful meditation, in every form, maintain a common denominator. The advancement of medicine has allowed researchers to study the benefits of meditation on the brain as never before, and the scientific evidence is overwhelmingly evident that meditation can actually alter brain function and structure. The modern world has resulted in the production of the most highly sophisticated medical equipment, allowing researchers access to functions of the human body than was ever expected a few decades ago. In conjunction with skilled masters of medicine,(Cont’d)